What is PRP Treatment? Side Effects and Recovery Time
Plasma is a blood component that contains particular “factors,” or proteins, that aid in clotting. There are additional proteins that encourage cell growth. Researchers created PRP by extracting and concentrating plasma from blood.
Injecting PRP into injured tissues is thought to encourage your body’s production of new, healthy cells, thus promoting recovery. Scientists presume that the body ‘s organs will heal faster since the tissue regeneration elements in the formulated growth injections are more enriched.
What is PRP (Platelet-rich Plasma)?
Platelet-rich plasma is made up of two components: plasma, which is the liquid portion of blood, and platelets, which are a type of blood cell that helps the body recover.
Physicians take a blood sample from a patient and centrifuge it to generate platelet-rich plasma. This rapidly rotates the sample, separating and concentrating the platelets from the rest of the blood inside the plasma.
What is PRP Injection?
Platelet-rich plasma is created from a patient’s blood sample and injected into the target location, such as an injured knee or a tendon. The practitioner may utilize ultrasound to guide the injection in some circumstances. To speed up the healing process, the objective is to increase the concentration of specific bio proteins or hormones known as growth factors at a specific region.
Process of PRP Injection:
Here’s what you can expect from a standard PRP injection procedure:
A blood sample will be taken by a healthcare practitioner. The sample size is determined by the injection site for PRP. For example, in one studyTrusted Source, 20 milliliters of blood were drawn for injection into the scalp. This is about the size of a teaspoon.
The blood is spun in a centrifuge. This machine rapidly rotates around, forcing the blood components to separate. The separating procedure takes around 15 minutes.
A technician prepares the separated plasma for injection into the afflicted region.
Doctors will frequently employ imaging, such as ultrasound, to determine specific injection sites, such as the tendon. The PRP will then be injected into the afflicted region by your doctor.
Side Effects of PRP Injection:
PRP injections are a low-risk technique with few adverse effects. Because the treatment involves a blood sample, you should stay hydrated and eat beforehand to avoid feeling lightheaded. You may suffer some discomfort and bruising at the injection site following the operation.
Your own cells and plasma are used to make PRP injections. As a result, the likelihood of an adverse reaction is significantly lower than that of other injectable medications such as corticosteroids. Bleeding, tissue damage, infection, and nerve injury are some of the less usual hazards of PRP injections. If you are thinking about getting PRP injections, make sure to discuss all of the pros and dangers with your doctor.
Recovery time of PRP:
The PRP recovery time is rather short, with a few days of pain followed by gradual improvement. Expect some discomfort and swelling after joint injections to treat arthritis for 3-7 days. Then, over the course of a few weeks, there is normally a progressive improvement.
You may not find a change straight away because PRP injections are intended to encourage healing or growth. However, after a few weeks or months, the region may begin to recover faster or develop more hair than you would have expected if you hadn’t had PRP injections.
What not to do:
Comprehending the activity constraints required of you is an important component of understanding PRP injection recovery period. The good news is that you don’t need to do anything unusual in the great majority of cases where PRP is administered.
Follow the “Activity as Tolerated” rehabilitation method. That is, if you are experiencing discomfort as a result of the injection, limit your activities to keep the pain at a 2/10. If you’re not in discomfort, you may resume your usual activities, easing up on the workouts as you listen to your body.
If effective, PRP usually provides a long-term relief cortisone shot because the degenerative soft tissue (tendon, ligament) has begun to rebuild or renew itself. Bioactive proteins have the potential to promote healing and repair. According to new studies, PRP is more effective than cortisone injections, which mask inflammation but have no healing properties.