What You Need to Know About Sciatica

What You Need to Know About Sciatica

Diseases of the sciatic nerve are diagnosed quite often in many people. They arise due to a nerve infection which may affect the surrounding tissues and organs. If you experience sciatica in Red Bank, it is vital to seek a thorough assessment to help make an informed decision about the best treatment option. Here is everything you need to know about sciatica, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

What Is Sciatica?

The sciatic nerve is the longest in the human nervous system and starts at the sacrum, running through the back down the leg to your foot. Therefore, if the sciatic nerve is pinched or compressed, the pain spreads from the lower back along the back of the thigh, then to the lower leg, heel, and toes.

Most often, compression occurs in the area of ​​the piriformis muscles or spinal discs. Pinching of the sciatic nerve irritates the nerve tissue, thereby causing pain.

In women, sciatica sometimes occurs late in pregnancy. It mainly occurs when the baby causes an expansion of the uterus, thus putting pressure on your sciatic nerve. Most women describe the pain as sharp, burning, or like pricking needles. Others lose sensitivity on their feet which may lead to your doctor recommending bed rest to prevent falls which can put the pregnancy at risk.

Symptoms 

Symptoms of sciatic nerve inflammation are pain that starts at the sacrum region and then covers the back of the leg, numbness, tingling, weakness in the leg. During the examination, your doctor identifies the pain points and lack of sensitivity in certain areas, such as the legs, before recommending appropriate treatment.

Treatment 

After a thorough examination, your doctor may recommend certain medications to relieve the symptoms and pain. Treatment can begin with administering intramuscular drugs, muscle relaxants to reduce tension, and gels or ointments.

In addition, your doctor may recommend exercise therapy to help restore the normal functioning of your limbs. Further, massage and physiotherapy for sciatica help reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and muscle spasms.

 As well, a daily intake of vitamin B-rich supplements can help cure sciatica. In severe cases, your doctor may suggest hormonal agents.

Prevention 

Prevention of inflammation of the sciatic nerve consists of timely treatment in the initial stages of the disease. After suffering sciatica, your doctor applies different intervention techniques to prevent a relapse.

Because sciatica may affect your spine and cause acquired curvature, your doctor may suggest you wear a fixing corset. Also, the specialist may advise you to avoid heat and not to sit on a cold surface as it can aggravate the condition. Also, you should refrain from swimming or cold weather conditions. You should also avoid strenuous physical activity whenever possible.

Doctors also advise maintaining a healthy weight since obesity is a common cause of pinching of the sciatic nerve. You should monitor your posture, lift heavy objects correctly, which helps in keeping your back straight. In addition, you can sleep on hard mattresses to prevent sciatica.

Individuals with sciatica can get treatment which helps in improving their quality of life. Contact the specialists at Downtown Pain Management for assessment and treatment recommendations.

Daniel Pauly