Vasectomy is an outpatient surgical method used by men for permanent birth control. It involves cutting and sealing the sperm duct, also called vas deferens, to prevent the entry of sperm into the semen. Vasectomy is a 99 percent effective method of birth control for men who don’t want to have kids in the future. The surgery has a period of 10 to 30 minutes, followed by 1 to 2 weeks of recovery, depending upon the patient’s healing ability.
The surgical procedure is usually performed by a urologist who is specialized in the male reproductive system. Urologists like Michael Rotman, MD, have many years of experience in this field and will step-by-step guide you through the procedure and clear your concerns. It is advised to speak with your doctor before you regarding any issue about going under the knife.
Things to expect and do after vasectomy:
The surgery is performed using local anesthesia. Your doctor may suggest you avoid blood thinner medicine before the surgery. Once you are completed with your procedure, you are required to rest for around 48 hours altogether. Given below are the common side effects of post-vasectomy surgery:
- The patient may experience mild pain with bruising swelling for 1 to 2 days. The doctor will provide you with medications like Tylenol or Advil, depending upon the pain level. If the pain persists for many days, make sure to report it to your doctor.
- Do check in with your consultant if you experience post-surgical bleeding with redness, extreme pain, and fever more than 100.4 F. Discharge of any fluid or pus also needs to be reported.
- Wear athletic underwear or any tight-fitting underwear to provide support to the scrotum. This should be followed for two days. After two days, wear comfortable clothing and practice good hygiene to avoid any infection.
- You are required to use an ice pack compress to the scrotum.
- You should avoid bathing for a day after surgery. Use showers for a few days instead of bathing tubs.
- Try to give your legs some elevation while resting or sitting. This will ensure blood flow to the operated area and fasten the process of healing.
Things to avoid:
- Avoid heavy lifting, sex, and masturbation for some days or for the time the discomfort persists.
- Don’t try unprotected sex until the doctor has confirmed that your semen has no sperm. This should take around 9 to 12 weeks.
- Patients must keep in mind that having a vasectomy doesn’t protect them from sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS or chlamydia.