TMJ Disorders: Everything You Need To Know 

TMJ Disorders: Everything You Need To Know 

The temporomandibular joint ( TMJ), is located on each side of your face connecting the lower jaw with the skull. The primary function of TMJ is to help in the smooth and gliding movement of the jaw, chewing food, and talking. 

TMJ disorder is a complex jaw joint and muscle disorder. It affects women more than men. The affected person may experience severe pain, headache, and a restricted jaw without knowing they have TMJ. 

Specialists of TMJ in New York  provide you with exceptional care and treatment concerning the disorder. 

Causes: 

TMJ disorder may be permanent or temporary. There is no exact cause of TMJ known. The disorder may be caused by many possible causes like genetics, arthritis, previous jaw surgeries, injury to the jaw and teeth, missing or misaligned teeth structure, dental restoration, continuous grinding and clenching of teeth, an autoimmune disease. Stress is also a responsible factor that causes TMJ disorder. 

Symptoms: 

Symptoms may be temporary or permanent, sometimes depending upon the severity of the disorder. Some common symptoms are:

  1. The affected individual may experience severe pain and swelling of the jaw and face. 
  2. Chronic headaches are one of the common symptoms of TMJ disorder.
  3. A person with TMJ disorder constantly grinding his teeth may experience later tooth decay and infections, teeth loss, teeth fracture. 
  4. The patient may also be prone to gum decay and other gum diseases due to excessive grinding. 
  5. Continued movement of the jaw may sometimes misshapen the jaw.
  6. TMJ disorder may also cause ear pain or pain in the area around the ear. 
  7. The patient may experience tightness around their eyes followed by eye pain.
  8. They may have difficulty chewing.
  9. Lockjaw and popping or clicking jaw sounds also happen during jaw activity. 

Treatment: 

TMJ pain may sometimes recover on its own in due time, but if the pain and swelling persist, the affected person should always consult a doctor. TMJ disorders need to be correctly diagnosed and treated by medical professionals. Given below are some of the necessary treatments for TMJ disorder. 

  1. Pain relievers and medication for temporary relief. One can also use ice packs or apply moist heat for temporary pain relief. 
  2. Use of custom-made oral and dental appliances that look similar to a mouthguard. 
  3. The physician may suggest some physical therapy like jaw and face exercises. 
  4. Treatment can also be done using Botox as well as steroid injections to the affected area.
  5. TMJ surgeries are mostly preferred if the above options fail to be effective. 

Clare Louise