Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment 

Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment 

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PED), also known as Peripheral Vascular Disease, is a common problem in Alexandria. It occurs when the lining of your arteries thickens progressively. Usually, it thickens as plaque builds up and eventually blocks the flow of blood. It reduces the flow of blood to certain parts of the body or organs. If the plaque surface is ulcerated or irregular, it may accumulate plaque contents or little blood clots. When the particles travel through your circulatory system, they may block some blood vessels, damaging vital organs like the brain. If you have been struggling with Alexandria peripheral arterial disease, here are some important things to know: 

What Are the Warning Signs?

  • Loss of hair.
  • Color changes in your legs.
  • A cramping pain that doesn’t go away when you aren’t exercising.
  • Gangrene.
  • A considerable decrease in your lower leg temperature. Your legs may feel much colder than the rest of your body.
  • Thin and shiny hair.

What Are the Risk Factors?

  • Hypertension 

If you have high blood pressure, seek the help of a doctor to manage it. Hypertension increases your risk of getting a vascular disease. Luckily, it can be managed with treatment.

  • Diabetes

Diabetes increases your risk of vascular diseases as well. Consider seeking the help of a vascular surgeon or primary care doctor. They’ll help you control your blood sugar and reduce the risk of peripheral arterial disease. 

  • Age

People of a certain age are at a higher risk of PED. It includes menopausal women and men aged 60 and above. If you fall into these groups, regular exercise may be helpful. Consider asking a dietician to create a meal plan for you. 

  • Genetics

Genetics plays an essential role in the occurrence of occlusive vascular disease. If your parents or grandparents had poor circulation, let your vascular physician know. Unfortunately, about ten million Americans have poor blood circulation. Only a quarter of them receives the appropriate treatment. 

  • Smoking

Smoking is bad for your circulatory system, and it puts you at risk of arterial diseases. Consider quitting to reduce or eliminate the risk. 

  • Obesity

High cholesterol and lack of exercise can increase your risk of vascular disease. High cholesterol in your arteries can be toxic. It can cause general damage to your arterial system. 

By controlling the above factors, you can lower your risk of vascular disease significantly. Speak with your doctor and find out how you can remain healthy. They’ll offer advice regarding your weight, age, general health, and lifestyle. 

Treatment 

Here are a few treatment options if you have PAD:

  • Your doctor may prescribe medication to control your high blood pressure and lower your cholesterol. You may also need medicine to control your blood sugar and promote blood flow.
  • If you have clots obstructing your blood flow, your doctor may use a catheter to deliver drugs and dissolve them.
  • Arterial surgery may be great for removing arterial blockages in your legs or abdomen.
  • Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that uses small balloons to open blockages.

If you or your loved one have peripheral arterial disease, seek the help of a specialist in Alexandria as soon as possible. Luckily, there are many treatment options, and you can improve the quality of your life. 

Daniel Pauly