Heel Spurs: How Do You Get Them and How to Relieve Your Symptoms
Over time, the steps you accumulate in your life can wear on your feet, leading to injuries and serious conditions. A lot of wear-and-tear foot injuries include heel bone spurs, which are small, bony protrusions that can seriously limit your mobility. If you have this condition, walking around your house can be painful and burdensome. Thankfully, a lot of patients who have foot pain due to Tamarac heel spurs can relieve their symptoms without undergoing surgery.
Causes of Heel Spurs
These conditions often result from a strain injury in the tendons and calcaneus tissue. This can happen following repetitive sports stress or strain injury. Also, it can be due to inflammatory diseases such as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and reactive arthritis. Obesity and improper footwear can also cause heel spurs.
Usually, your heel pain is not due to heel spur but the irritation and inflammation of your plantar fascia. It is usually worse in the morning after sleep, which makes it hard to take your first steps out of your bed. But, the pain will subside when you start moving and loosening the fascia. Other symptoms of heel spurs include burning, hot sensation, a visible protrusion, inflammation, swelling, and tenderness.
After your doctor diagnosed the condition, they will recommend the right treatment, often, nonsurgical options. Your treatment may include lifestyle adjustments. For instance, if you are overweight, you will need to lose excess weight to minimize the stress the affected area gets when you perform weight-bearing activities. If you have arthritis, you may need to decrease the intensity and frequency of activity that can cause your symptoms to flare up. If you have milder symptoms of heel spurs, you can manage them with ice, rest, elevation, and compression. In addition, you can take NSAIDs to help with general pain and swelling after you perform rigorous activities and when your symptoms flare up.
For heel spurs due to tight muscles and connective tissues in your foot and lower leg, at-home treatment includes daily stretching. Calf stretches and seated stretches are usually recommended for heel spurs. Your doctor can also recommend targeted exercises to stretch the plantar fascia. You must perform these exercises early in the day before you perform a rigorous activity. In addition, you can use night splints to keep your plantar fascia relaxed. To reduce gait abnormalities, wear heel pads and inserts to minimize strain along your plantar fascia.