All About RLS- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

All About RLS- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a medical condition in which a person has a strong urge to move. It can cause various sensations in the body such as itching, creeping, crawling, pulling, burning, and throbbing. It may happen if you have a history of this disease in your family, diseases, and medications. Sebring restless legs syndrome can occur at any age as elders and children may get this disorder.

Overview of RLS

It is also called RLS, which is a sleep disorder that creates an irresistible urge in your body to move legs, arms, and any body part.  Other strong sensations are also experienced by many people such as pulling, tugging, throbbing, and creeping. These sensations occur while sitting for a long time such as driving or sitting in the theatre or even when lying on the bed. It makes you have trouble sleeping. People can be observed to shake their legs and arms just to get some relief from these uncomfortable sensations.

Causes of RLS

Some of the causes of RLS are listed below:

  • Kidney disorder
  • Depression
  • Parkinson’s Disease 
  • Diabetes 
  • Dialysis 
  • Pregnancy 
  • Uremia
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Iron Deficiency

Some of the medications such as anti-depressants, caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine also worsen the condition.

Symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

  • Discomfort in legs and arms- One of the common reasons for RLS is uncomfortable limb sensations. They may occur during bedtime or any other time when limbs are inactive.
  • Sleep disturbances- These individuals have to make additional effort to fall asleep because the sensations cause discomfort in the body. This person also finds it difficult to remain asleep for long hours.
  • Discomfort in lying down- A person feels getting out of bed frequently, moving arms, and legs help to get some relief from the uneasiness. 
  • Behavior and work-related problems- Some of the symptoms also affect work-related tasks such as irritability, sleepiness during daytime, problem concentrating, and hyperactivity.

Treatment of RLS

Some of the treatment options of RLS are elaborated as follows:

  • Getting some exercise such as riding a bike, jogging, and running. 
  • Maintaining sleep habits such as avoiding reading and watching TV.
  • Avoid caffeine, chocolates, tea, colas, and other aerated drinks.
  • Take iron and magnesium supplements. 
  • Try yoga, stretching, and soft music.

Lastly, it is highly recommended to avoid stress and stay calm in every situation. You must get your blood tests done to rule out any deficiency.

Ishat Narain